In most mild cases of pterygium, artificial tears can be used to reduce dryness and irritation.
For patients with severe cases whose vision has been affected, different types of surgery are available. Surgery is the only way to definitively remove a pterygium, but it is not a perfect solution; it requires follow-up, and there is a small risk that the pterygium will grow back. Your surgeon will use the latest surgical techniques to minimize the risk of the pterygium coming back. Surgery is performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis.
The two most commonly used surgical techniques involve either:
- Conjunctival auto-grafting is a safe and effective technique that surgically removes a pterygium. In this procedure, the pterygium is removed and a small piece of conjunctiva is moved from your own eye to cover the area where the pterygium was excised.
- Amniotic membrane transplantation is another safe and effective pterygium removal procedure. The pterygium is removed and then donor amniotic membrane (inner layer of the placenta) tissue is used to cover the area where the pterygium was excised. This type of graft encourages healing and reduces swelling.
Contact our office to learn more about Pterygium Surgery or to make an appointment.